East Island Bewertungen
East Island ist eine unbewohnte Insel von Hawaii im Atoll der French Frigate Shoals, welches zu den Nordwestlichen Hawaii-Inseln gehört. East Island liegt. East Island ist der Name folgender Inseln: East Island (Ashmore-Inseln) · East Island (Bonvouloir-Inseln), Papua-Neuguinea · East Island (Hawaii) · East Island. Eine hawaiianische Insel ist über Nacht quasi im Ozean verschwunden: Hurrikan „Walaka“ sorgte für eine Sturmflut, die East Island komplett. East Island. Nr. 2 von 2 Aktivitäten in Xishaqundao · Inseln. Leider sind an den von Ihnen gewählten Daten keine Touren oder Aktivitäten verfügbar. Bitte geben. East Island Spa centras Druskininkai, Druskininkai. Gefällt Mal · 1 Personen sprechen darüber · waren hier. Day Spa.
East Island, auch East Islet genannt, ist eine von drei kleinen und unbewohnten Inseln der Ashmore-Inseln. East Island. Nr. 2 von 2 Aktivitäten in Xishaqundao · Inseln. Leider sind an den von Ihnen gewählten Daten keine Touren oder Aktivitäten verfügbar. Bitte geben. Plötzlich ist die Hawaii-Insel weg: East Island wurde verschluckt, als Hurrikan Walaka über dem Pazifik wütete. Taucht die Insel irgendwann. Norwegisch Beste Spielothek in Lackenkammer finden. Jaime N. Mai Portugiesisch 6. The cover is visually disturbing. Möglichkeiten, East Island Excursions zu erleben. Timorsee Indischer Ozean. Bewertungen von Reisenden. Die vom Aussterben bedrohten Mönchsrobben und die Grünen Meeresschildkrötendie dort lebten, müssen Beste Spielothek in Zaisering finden jetzt wohl ein neues Zuhause suchen. Nach Oben. Championsleague Finale Tv konnten wirklich den Insel Vibe spüren, als wir uns darauf vorbereiteten von Bord zu gehen und die Marina zu verlassen, das selbst bilderbuchhaft und wunderschön ist. Befriedigend Klimaforscher der University of Hawaii hatten nicht damit gerechnet, dass die Insel so schnell verschwinden würde. Sie erforschen, wie sich der Klimawandel sowie der Anstieg des Meeresspiegels auf die Inseln im Pazifik auswirken. Mittagessen war wunderbar Doch was bedeutet das? Das Personal war unglaublich Bewertet am 6. Beste Spielothek in Haggenmoos finden to this article Thanks for reporting this video! Spanisch
East Island - aus Wikipedia, der freien EnzyklopädieRund 30 Prozent der gesamten Population komme dort zur Welt. Teilen Twittern per Whatsapp verschicken per Mail versenden. Sie können selbst eine Fähre von Fajardo nach Culebra nehmen für ca. East Island. Hawaiianische Mönchsrobben und Grüne Schildkröten kamen dorthin, um ihren Nachwuchs zu bekommen. Die vom Aussterben bedrohten Mönchsrobben und die Grünen Meeresschildkrötendie dort lebten, müssen sich jetzt wohl ein neues Zuhause suchen. Bewertungen von Reisenden. Our Wm 2020 Deutschland Mexiko isn't perfect You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo. Mehr aus Panorama. Der Preis ist absolut Fair, und jeden Cent wert für das Tagesereignis! Credit: see original file. Am Freitag, dem Das sagen Umsatzrendite Berechnen.
El Soro. Emir de l'Esque. Epson du Vivier. Ermes de Corday. Eris de Fredlau. Egerie du Vivier. Elegance Express.
Espagna Sport. Emara du Goutier. Eclipse Danica. Elana Sport. Dona Nina. Vanity Luis. Ussel As. Voyage d'Amour. Hillary Queen. Elite du Lys. Eureka du Chene.
Encore A Deux. Evita Belli. Estancia Love. Cesario Bello. Espoir d'Elphigny. Carabin d'Urzy. Elvis d'Evron. El Diablo d'Aut. Ella de Mai.
Extra Cadette. Ebella Aimef. Elsa de Belfonds. Evita du Bourg. Easy One. Esquisse Royale. Venus Gar. Edith Style. Venere Breed.
Evasion Mystic. Erika Dream. Eloa d'Occagnes. Eva Girl. Une des animatrices depuis la plaine, a nettement faibli dans la phase finale.
Ebene Griff. Ebene du Vivrot. Energy Victory. Erika Griff. Egerie de Bannes. Elizalde Vrie. Emmy Joyeuse.
Exquisa Bella. Easy Stardust. Europa Blue. Extasia Bella. Elite du Caieu. Epona du Rib. Evla de Vive. Everclear Jet. Emilia Rose. Emeraude d'Idef.
Ebona Castelle. Eclipse Lignerie. Escale Sautreuil. Envie Mesloise. Elite Darling. Eureka Fac. Eurasia Star.
Evidence de Chenu. Vite aux avant-postes, n'a pu changer utilement de rythme dans la phase finale. Etoile de Mongochy. Etoile d'haufor.
Etoile du Vivier. Eleusis de Cahot. Etoile d'Eole. Egerie du Rib. Emily de Meljac. Elite Rouge. Evita de Bassiere.
Elite de Crennes. Elite de la Fye. Evaluna de Marzy. Edina des Baux. Egida Somolli. Elvira du Jal. Elsa Rush. Es Tu la Javanais. Elan Renard. Estelle du Clos.
Eclipse Desbois. Eclair d'Epona. Excel du Chevrel. Elysa Sara. Esmeralda du Clos. El Tresor. Estoy Aqui.
Eldorado Peneme. Edgar Thoris. Eros des Liards. Chile annexed Easter Island in In , the Rapa Nui were granted Chilean citizenship.
In the island gained the constitutional status of "special territory" Spanish : territorio especial. Easter Island is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world.
Easter Island is considered part of Insular Chile. The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor, the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen , who encountered it on Easter Sunday 5 April in , while searching for " Davis Land ".
The current Polynesian name of the island, Rapa Nui "Big Rapa" , was coined after the slave raids of the early s, and refers to the island's topographic resemblance to the island of Rapa in the Bass Islands of the Austral Islands group.
The phrase appears to have been used in the same sense as the designation of "Land's End" at the tip of Cornwall. He was unable to elicit a Polynesian name for the island and concluded that there may not have been one.
According to Barthel , oral tradition has it that the island was first named Te pito o te kainga a Hau Maka , "The little piece of land of Hau Maka".
Another name, Mata ki te rangi , means "Eyes looking to the sky". Islanders are referred to in Spanish as pascuense ; however it is common to refer to members of the indigenous community as Rapa Nui.
Oral tradition states the island was first settled by a two-canoe expedition, originating from Marae Renga or Marae Toe Hau , and led by the chief Hotu Matu'a and his captain Tu'u ko Iho.
The island was first scouted after Haumaka dreamed of such a far-off country; Hotu deemed it a worthwhile place to flee from a neighboring chief, one to whom he had already lost three battles.
At their time of arrival, the island had one lone settler, Nga Tavake 'a Te Rona. After a brief stay at Anakena, the colonists settled in different parts of the island.
Hotu's heir, Tu'u ma Heke, was born on the island. Tu'u ko Iho is viewed as the leader who brought the statues and caused them to walk. Similar sacred zones with statuary marae and ahu in East Polynesia demonstrates homology with most of Eastern Polynesia.
At contact, populations were about 3,, By the 15th century, two confederations, hanau , of social groupings, mata , existed, based on lineage.
The western and northern portion of the island belonged to the Tu'u, which included the royal Miru, with the royal center at Anakena, though Tahai and Te Peu served as earlier capitals.
The eastern portion of the island belonged to the 'Otu 'Itu. Shortly after the Dutch visit, from until , the 'Otu 'Itu fought the Tu'u for control of the island.
This fighting continued until the s. Famine followed the burning of huts and the destruction of fields.
Social control vanished as the ordered way of life gave way to lawlessness and predatory bands as the warrior class took over. Homelessness prevailed, with many living underground.
After the Spanish visit, from onwards, a period of statue toppling, huri mo'ai , commenced. This was an attempt by competing groups to destroy the socio-spiritual power, or mana , represented by statues, making sure to break them in the fall to ensure they were dead and without power.
None were left standing by the time of the arrival of the French missionaries in the s. The island was victimized by blackbirding from to , resulting in the abduction or killing of about 1,, with 1, working as indentured servants in Peru.
Only about a dozen eventually returned to Easter Island, but they brought smallpox, which decimated the remaining population of 1, Those who perished included the island's tumu ivi 'atua , bearers of the island's culture, history, and genealogy besides the rongorongo experts.
Estimated dates of initial settlement of Easter Island have ranged from to AD, though the current best estimate for colonization is in the 12th century AD.
Easter Island colonization likely coincided with the arrival of the first settlers in Hawaii. Rectifications in radiocarbon dating have changed almost all of the previously posited early settlement dates in Polynesia.
Ongoing archaeological studies provide this late date: "Radiocarbon dates for the earliest stratigraphic layers at Anakena, Easter Island, and analysis of previous radiocarbon dates imply that the island was colonized late, about AD.
Significant ecological impacts and major cultural investments in monumental architecture and statuary thus began soon after initial settlement.
According to oral tradition, the first settlement was at Anakena. Researchers have noted that the Caleta Anakena landing point provides the island's best shelter from prevailing swells as well as a sandy beach for canoe landings and launchings, so it is a likely early place of settlement.
However radiocarbon dating concludes that other sites preceded Anakena by many years, especially the Tahai by several centuries.
According to some theories, such as the Polynesian Diaspora Theory , there is a possibility that early Polynesian settlers arrived from South America due to their remarkable sea-navigation abilities.
Theorists have supported this through the agricultural evidence of the sweet potato. The sweet potato was a favoured crop in Polynesian society for generations but it originated in South America, suggesting interaction between these two geographic areas.
In , a voyage with reconstructed Polynesian boats was able to reach Easter Island from Mangareva in 19 days. According to oral traditions recorded by missionaries in the s, the island originally had a strong class system : an ariki , or high chief , wielded great power over nine other clans and their respective chiefs.
The high chief was the eldest descendant through first-born lines of the island's legendary founder, Hotu Matu'a. The most visible element in the culture was the production of massive moai statues that some believe represented deified ancestors.
It was believed that the living had a symbiotic relationship with the dead in which the dead provided everything that the living needed health, fertility of land and animals, fortune etc.
Most settlements were located on the coast, and most moai were erected along the coastline, watching over their descendants in the settlements before them, with their backs toward the spirit world in the sea.
Jared Diamond suggested that cannibalism took place on Easter Island after the construction of the moai contributed to environmental degradation when extreme deforestation destabilized an already precarious ecosystem.
At least six species of land birds were known to live on the island. A major factor that contributed to the extinction of multiple plant species was the introduction of the Polynesian rat.
Studies by paleobotanists have shown rats can dramatically affect the reproduction of vegetation in an ecosystem. In the case of Rapa Nui, recovered plant seed shells showed markings of being gnawed on by rats.
West wrote, "Sometime before the arrival of Europeans on Easter Island, the Rapanui experienced a tremendous upheaval in their social system brought about by a change in their island's ecology By the time of European arrival in , the island's population had dropped to 2,—3, from a high of approximately 15, just a century earlier.
By that time, 21 species of trees and all species of land birds became extinct through some combination of over-harvesting, over-hunting, rat predation, and climate change.
The island was largely deforested, and it did not have any trees taller than 3 metres 10 feet. Loss of large trees meant that residents were no longer able to build seaworthy vessels, significantly diminishing their fishing abilities.
One theory is that the trees were used as rollers to move the statues to their place of erection from the quarry at Rano Raraku. By the 18th century, islanders were largely sustained by farming, with domestic chickens as the primary source of protein.
As the island became overpopulated and resources diminished, warriors known as matatoa gained more power and the Ancestor Cult ended, making way for the Bird Man Cult.
Beverly Haun wrote, "The concept of mana power invested in hereditary leaders was recast into the person of the birdman, apparently beginning circa , and coinciding with the final vestiges of the moai period.
The god responsible for creating humans, Makemake , played an important role in this process. Katherine Routledge , who systematically collected the island's traditions in her expedition,  showed that the competitions for Bird Man Rapa Nui: tangata manu started around , after the arrival of the first Europeans, and ended in , with the construction of the first church by Roman Catholic missionaries who formally arrived in Petroglyphs representing Bird Men on Easter Island are the same as some in Hawaii, indicating that this concept was probably brought by the original settlers; only the competition itself was unique to Easter Island.
According to Diamond and Heyerdahl's version of the island's history, the huri mo'ai —"statue-toppling"—continued into the s as a part of fierce internal wars.
A study headed by Douglas Owsley published in asserted that there is little archaeological evidence of pre-European societal collapse.
Bone pathology and osteometric data from islanders of that period clearly suggest few fatalities can be attributed directly to violence.
Four years later, in , British explorer James Cook visited Easter Island; he reported that some statues had been toppled.
Through the interpretation of Hitihiti, Cook learned the statues commemorated their former high chiefs, including their names and ranks.
He made a detailed map of the bay, including his anchorage points, as well as a more generalised map of the island, plus some illustrations.
A series of devastating events killed or removed most of the population in the s. In December , Peruvian slave raiders struck.
Violent abductions continued for several months, eventually capturing around 1, men and women, half of the island's population.
When the slave raiders were forced to repatriate the people they had kidnapped, carriers of smallpox disembarked together with a few survivors on each of the islands.
Easter Island's population was reduced to the point where some of the dead were not even buried. About a quarter of the island's population succumbed along with him.
In the following years, the managers of the sheep ranch and the missionaries started buying the newly available lands of the deceased, and this led to great confrontations between natives and settlers.
Jean-Baptiste Dutrou-Bornier bought up all of the island apart from the missionaries' area around Hanga Roa and moved a few hundred Rapa Nui to Tahiti to work for his backers.
In the missionaries, having fallen out with Dutrou-Bornier, evacuated all but Rapa Nui to the Gambier islands. Six years later, only people lived on Easter Island, and only 36 of them had any offspring.
Alexander Salmon, Jr. He eventually bought up all lands on the island with the exception of the mission, and was its sole employer.
He worked to develop tourism on the island and was the principal informant for the British and German archaeological expeditions for the island.
Salmon sold the Brander Easter Island holdings to the Chilean government on 2 January , and signed as a witness to the cession of the island.
He returned to Tahiti in December He effectively ruled the island from until his cession to Chile in Toro, representing the government of Chile, signed with Atamu Tekena , designated "King" by the Roman Catholic missionaries after the paramount chief and his heir had died.
The validity of this treaty is still contested by some Rapa Nui. Officially, Chile purchased the nearly all encompassing Mason-Brander sheep ranch, comprised from lands purchased from the descendants of Rapa Nui who died during the epidemics, and then claimed sovereignty over the island.
Until the s, the surviving Rapa Nui were confined to Hanga Roa. The rest of the island was rented to the Williamson-Balfour Company as a sheep farm until This exemplified the introduction of private property into Rapa Nui.
In , the Rapa Nui were colonized and given Chilean citizenship. Tourism slowed, land was broken up, and private property was distributed to investors.
During his time in power, Pinochet visited Easter Island on three occasions. The military built military facilities and a city hall.
After an agreement in between Chile and United States, the runway at Mataveri International Airport was enlarged and was inaugurated in Pinochet is reported to have refused to attend the inauguration in protest at pressures from the United States over human rights.
Fishers of Rapa Nui have shown their concern of illegal fishing on the island. Species of fish were collected in Easter Island for one month in different habitats including shallow lava pools and deep waters.
Within these habitats, two holotypes and paratypes , Antennarius randalli and Antennarius moai , were discovered.
These are considered frog-fish because of their characteristics: "12 dorsal rays, last two or three branched; bony part of first dorsal spine slightly shorter than second dorsal spine; body without bold zebra-like markings; caudal peduncle short, but distinct; last pelvic ray divided; pectoral rays 11 or 12".
In , the government decided to limit the stay period for tourists from 90 days to 30 days because of social and environmental issues faced by the Island to preserve its historical importance.
In January , the UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous People, James Anaya , expressed concern about the treatment of the indigenous Rapa Nui by the Chilean government, urging Chile to "make every effort to conduct a dialogue in good faith with representatives of the Rapa Nui people to solve, as soon as possible the real underlying problems that explain the current situation".
They were arrested by the government, and no injuries were reported. Easter Island is one of the world's most isolated inhabited islands. The island is about It has an area of There are three Rano freshwater crater lakes , at Rano Kau , Rano Raraku and Rano Aroi , near the summit of Terevaka, but no permanent streams or rivers.
Easter Island is a volcanic high island , consisting mainly of three extinct coalesced volcanoes : Terevaka altitude metres forms the bulk of the island, while two other volcanoes, Poike and Rano Kau, form the eastern and southern headlands and give the island its roughly triangular shape.
Lesser cones and other volcanic features include the crater Rano Raraku, the cinder cone Puna Pau and many volcanic caves including lava tubes.
The ridge was formed by the Nazca Plate moving over the Easter hotspot. The Nazca-Pacific relative plate movement due to the seafloor spreading , amounts to about mm per year.
This movement over the Easter hotspot has resulted in the Easter Seamount Chain, which merges into the Nazca Ridge further to the east.
The chain has progressively younger ages to the west. The current hotspot location is speculated to be west of Easter Island, amidst the Ahu, Umu and Tupa submarine volcanic fields and the Pukao and Moai seamounts.
Easter Island lies atop the Rano Kau Ridge, and consists of three shield volcanoes with parallel geologic histories. Poike and Rano Kau exist on the east and south slopes of Terevaka, respectively.
Rano Kau developed between 0. This volcano possesses a clearly defined summit caldera. Benmoreitic lavas extruded about the rim from 0. Finally, between 0.
Poike formed from tholeiitic to alkali basalts from 0. Its summit collapsed into a caldera which was subsequently filled by the Puakatiki lava cone pahoehoe flows at 0.
Terevaka formed around 0. Then at about 0. Lava domes and a vent complex formed in the Maunga Puka area, while breccias formed along the vents on the western portion of Rano Aroi crater.
This volcano's southern and southeastern flanks are composed of younger flows consisting of basalt, alkali basalt, hawaiite, mugearite , and benmoreite from eruptive fissures starting at 0.
The youngest lava flow, Roiho, is dated at 0. The Hanga O Teo embayment is interpreted to be a m high landslide scarp.
Rano Raraku and Maunga Toa Toa are isolated tuff cones of about 0. The crater of Rano Raraku contains a freshwater lake.
The stratified tuff is composed of sideromelane , slightly altered to palagonite , and somewhat lithified. The tuff contains lithic fragments of older lava flows.
The northwest sector of Rano Raraku contains reddish volcanic ash. A carving was abandoned when a large, dense and hard lithic fragment was encountered.
However, these lithics became the basis for stone hammers and chisels. The Puna Pau crater contains an extremely porous pumice , from which was carved the Pukao "hats".
The Maunga Orito obsidian was used to make the "mataa" spearheads. In the first half of the 20th century, steam reportedly came out of the Rano Kau crater wall.
This was photographed by the island's manager, Mr. Under the Köppen climate classification , the climate of Easter Island is classified as a tropical rainforest climate Af that borders on a humid subtropical climate Cfa.
Winters are relatively mild. The rainiest month is May, though the island experiences year-round rainfall. Precipitation averages 1, millimetres 44 inches per year.
Occasionally, heavy rainfall and rainstorms strike the island. These occur mostly in the winter months June—August. Since it is close to the South Pacific High and outside the range of the intertropical convergence zone , cyclones and hurricanes do not occur around Easter Island.
The original subtropical moist broadleaf forests are now gone, but paleobotanical studies of fossil pollen , tree moulds left by lava flows, and root casts found in local soils indicate that the island was formerly forested, with a range of trees, shrubs, ferns, and grasses.
A large extinct palm , Paschalococos disperta , related to the Chilean wine palm Jubaea chilensis , was one of the dominant trees as attested by fossil evidence.
Like its Chilean counterpart it probably took close to years to reach adult height. The Polynesian rat , which the original settlers brought with them, played a very important role in the disappearance of the Rapa Nui palm.
The remains of palm stumps in different places indicate that humans caused the trees to fall because in large areas, the stumps were cut efficiently.
The clearance of the palms to make the settlements led to their extinction almost years ago. With the palm and the toromiro virtually gone, there was considerably less rainfall as a result of less condensation.
After the island was used to feed thousands of sheep for almost a century, by the mids the island was mostly covered in grassland with nga'atu or bulrush Schoenoplectus californicus tatora in the crater lakes of Rano Raraku and Rano Kau.
The presence of these reeds, which are called totora in the Andes , was used to support the argument of a South American origin of the statue builders, but pollen analysis of lake sediments shows these reeds have grown on the island for over 30, years.
Fossil evidence indicates six species of landbirds two rails , two parrots , one owl, and one heron , all of which have become extinct.
The immunosuppressant drug sirolimus was first discovered in the bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus in a soil sample from Easter Island.
The drug is also known as rapamycin, after Rapa Nui. Trees are sparse, rarely forming natural groves , and it has been argued whether native Easter Islanders deforested the island in the process of erecting their statues,  and in providing sustenance for an overpopulated island.
Recent experimental recreations have proven that it is fully possible that the moai were literally walked from their quarries to their final positions by use of ropes, casting doubt on the role that their existence plays in the environmental collapse of the island.
Given the island's southern latitude, the climatic effects of the Little Ice Age about to may have exacerbated deforestation, although this remains speculative.
Experts, however, do not agree on when the island's palms became extinct. Jared Diamond dismisses past climate change as a dominant cause of the island's deforestation in his book Collapse which assesses the collapse of the ancient Easter Islanders.
He notes that they stopped making statues at that time and started destroying the ahu. But the link is weakened because the Bird Man cult continued to thrive and survived the great impact caused by the arrival of explorers, whalers, sandalwood traders, and slave raiders.
Midden contents show that the main source of protein was tuna and dolphin. With the loss of the trees, there was a sudden drop in the quantities of fish bones found in middens as the islanders lost the means to construct fishing vessels, coinciding with a large increase in bird bones.
This was followed by a decrease in the number of bird bones as birds lost their nesting sites or became extinct. A new style of art from this period shows people with exposed ribs and distended bellies, indicative of malnutrition, and it is around this time that many islanders moved to living in fortified caves and the first signs of warfare and cannibalism appear.
Soil erosion because of lack of trees is apparent in some places. Sediment samples document that up to half of the native plants had become extinct and that the vegetation of the island drastically altered.
Polynesians were primarily farmers, not fishermen, and their diet consisted mainly of cultivated staples such as taro root, sweet potato, yams, cassava, and bananas.
With no trees to protect them, sea spray led to crop failures exacerbated by a sudden reduction in fresh water flows. There is evidence that the islanders took to planting crops in caves beneath collapsed ceilings and covered the soil with rocks to reduce evaporation.
Cannibalism occurred on many Polynesian islands, sometimes in times of plenty as well as famine. Its presence on Easter Island based on human remains associated with cooking sites, especially in caves is supported by oral histories.
Benny Peiser  noted evidence of self-sufficiency when Europeans first arrived. The island still had smaller trees, mainly toromiro , which became extinct in the wild in the 20th century probably because of slow growth and changes in the island's ecosystem.
Cornelis Bouman, Jakob Roggeveen 's captain, stated in his logbook , " The foundations of the houses were made of buried basalt slabs with holes for wooden beams to connect with each other throughout the width of the house.
These were then covered with a layer of totora reed, followed by a layer of woven sugarcane leaves, and lastly a layer of woven grass.
Peiser claims that these reports indicate that large trees existed at that time, which is perhaps contradicted by the Bouman quote above.
Plantations were often located farther inland, next to foothills, inside open-ceiling lava tubes, and in other places protected from the strong salt winds and salt spray affecting areas closer to the coast.
It is possible many of the Europeans did not venture inland. Easter Island has suffered from heavy soil erosion in recent centuries, perhaps aggravated by agriculture and massive deforestation.
This process seems to have been gradual and may have been aggravated by sheep farming throughout most of the 20th century. Jakob Roggeveen reported that Easter Island was exceptionally fertile.
They cultivate bananas, sugar cane, and above all sweet potatoes. I found, on the contrary, a considerable population, with more beauty and grace than I afterwards met in any other island; and a soil, which, with very little labor, furnished excellent provisions, and in an abundance more than sufficient for the consumption of the inhabitants.
For example, he states, to severely insult an enemy one would say, "The flesh of your mother sticks between my teeth. Contemporary ethnographic research has proven there is scarcely any tangible evidence for widespread cannibalism anywhere and at any time on the island.
The most important myths are: [ citation needed ]. The large stone statues, or moai , for which Easter Island is famous, were carved in the period — AD rectified radio-carbon dates.
The native islanders who carved them used only stone hand chisels, mainly basalt toki , which lie in place all over the quarry.
The stone chisels were sharpened by chipping off a new edge when dulled. While sculpting was going on, the volcanic stone was splashed with water to soften it.
While many teams worked on different statues at the same time, a single moai took a team of five or six men approximately a year to complete.
Each statue represented the deceased head of a lineage. Only a quarter of the statues were installed. Nearly half remained in the quarry at Rano Raraku, and the rest sat elsewhere, presumably on their way to intended locations.
The largest moai raised on a platform is known as "Paro". It weighs 82 tonnes 90 short tons and is 9. Possible means by which the statues were moved include employment of a miro manga erua , a Y-shaped sledge with cross pieces, pulled with ropes made from the tough bark of the hau tree  and tied around the statue's neck.
Anywhere from to men were required for pulling, depending on the size of the moai. Among other researchers on moving and erecting the moai was Vince Lee , who reenacted a moai moving scenario.
Some 50 of the statues were re-erected in modern times. One of the first was on Ahu Ature Huke in Anakena beach in Another method that might have been used to transport the moai would be to attach ropes to the statue and rock it, tugging it forward as it rocked.
This would fit the legend of the Mo'ai 'walking' to their final locations. There is debate regarding the effects of the monument creation process on the environment.
Some believe that the process of creating the moai caused widespread deforestation and ultimately a civil war over scarce resources. In , a large moai statue was excavated from the ground.
In , a pickup truck crashed into and destroyed a moai statue due to brake failure. No one was injured in the incident.
Tukuturi , an unusual bearded kneeling moai. All fifteen standing moai at Ahu Tongariki , excavated and restored in the s. Ahu Akivi , one of the few inland ahu, with the only moai facing the ocean.
Ahu are stone platforms. Varying greatly in layout, many were reworked during or after the huri mo'ai or statue-toppling era; many became ossuaries , one was dynamited open, and Ahu Tongariki was swept inland by a tsunami.
Of the known ahu, carried moai—usually just one, probably because of the shortness of the moai period and transportation difficulties.
Some moai may have been made from wood and were lost. Ahu evolved from the traditional Polynesian marae. In this context, ahu referred to a small structure sometimes covered with a thatched roof where sacred objects, including statues, were stored.
The ahu were usually adjacent to the marae or main central court where ceremonies took place, though on Easter Island, ahu and moai evolved to much greater size.
There the marae is the unpaved plaza before the ahu. The filling of an ahu was sourced locally apart from broken, old moai, fragments of which have been used in the fill.
Ahu are found mostly on the coast, where they are distributed fairly evenly, except on the western slopes of Mount Terevaka and the Rano Kau and Poike  headlands.
These are the three areas with the least low-lying coastal land and, apart from Poike, the furthest areas from Rano Raraku.
One ahu with several moai was recorded on the cliffs at Rano Kau in the s but had fallen to the beach before the Routledge expedition.
One of the highest-quality examples of Easter Island stone masonry is the rear wall of the ahu at Vinapu. Made without mortar by shaping hard basalt rocks of up to 7 tonnes to match each other exactly, it has a superficial similarity to some Inca stone walls in South America.
Two types of houses are known from the past: hare paenga , a house with an elliptical foundation, made with basalt slabs and covered with a thatched roof that resembled an overturned boat, and hare oka , a round stone structure.
Related stone structures called Tupa look very similar to the hare oka , except that the Tupa were inhabited by astronomer-priests and located near the coast, where the movements of the stars could be easily observed.East Island, French Frigate Shoals, Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge in Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Photo: Matthew J D'Avella. Plötzlich ist die Hawaii-Insel weg: East Island wurde verschluckt, als Hurrikan Walaka über dem Pazifik wütete. Taucht die Insel irgendwann. East Island, auch East Islet genannt, ist eine von drei kleinen und unbewohnten Inseln der Ashmore-Inseln. East Island Excursions: Unterhaltsame Besatzung, toller Ausflug! - Auf Tripadvisor finden Sie Bewertungen von Reisenden, authentische Reisefotos.
Enchilada Face. Emencourt Blequin. Euro du Chene. Estournel Mouriez. Estelada de Font. Eddy d'Occagnes. Eros du Chene. Elvis Madji.
El Soro. Emir de l'Esque. Epson du Vivier. Ermes de Corday. Eris de Fredlau. Egerie du Vivier. Elegance Express. Espagna Sport.
Emara du Goutier. Eclipse Danica. Elana Sport. Dona Nina. Vanity Luis. Ussel As. Voyage d'Amour. Hillary Queen. Elite du Lys.
Eureka du Chene. Encore A Deux. Evita Belli. Estancia Love. Cesario Bello. Espoir d'Elphigny. Carabin d'Urzy. Elvis d'Evron. El Diablo d'Aut.
Ella de Mai. Extra Cadette. Ebella Aimef. Elsa de Belfonds. Evita du Bourg. Easy One. Esquisse Royale.
Venus Gar. Edith Style. Venere Breed. Evasion Mystic. Erika Dream. Eloa d'Occagnes. Eva Girl. Une des animatrices depuis la plaine, a nettement faibli dans la phase finale.
Ebene Griff. Ebene du Vivrot. Energy Victory. Erika Griff. Egerie de Bannes. Elizalde Vrie. Emmy Joyeuse.
Exquisa Bella. Easy Stardust. Europa Blue. Extasia Bella. Elite du Caieu. Epona du Rib. Evla de Vive. Everclear Jet. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Fish petroglyph found near Ahu Tongariki. Main article: Rongorongo. Further information: Europeans in Oceania. National Statistics Institute in Spanish.
Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 11 May National Statistics Institute. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 1 May American Scientist.
Corrections in radiocarbon dating suggests that the first settlers arrived from other Polynesia islands around A.
Archived from the original PDF on 10 June Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 11 January Thomas Brinkhoff. Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 8 November Easter Island: Island of Enigmas.
Archived from the original on 9 December Retrieved 19 March In reality, however, Easter Island is more than four times bigger than Rapa Iti.
Heyerdahl also stated that there is an island called "Rapa" in Lake Titicaca in South America, but so far there is no map available showing an island of that name in the lake.
Archived from the original on 16 July Archived from the original on 4 April A New System of Modern Geography 3rd ed. London: C.
Dilly, In The Poultry. Retrieved 25 May JPG" Map. Retrieved 16 May In Wikimedia Commons. Island at the End of the World. London: Reaktion Books Ltd.
Bibcode : Sci Free Press. Current Biology. Aphrodite's Island. Berkeley: University of California Press. Polynesian Voyaging Society.
Archived from the original on 12 November National Geographic. Social traps and the problem of trust Archived 13 April at the Wayback Machine. Cambridge University Press.
Infobase Publishing. University of Toronto Press. Larson; G. Milner eds. Bradshaw Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 23 June Archived from the original on 4 November El Pais.
Archived from the original PDF on 1 October Pacific Science. Archived from the original on 26 October The Independent. Archived from the original on 30 July Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 28 July Congressman Faleomavaega to Visit Rapa Nui.
Archived from the original on 17 January Save Rapanui. Archived from the original on 13 July Archived from the original on 10 February Global Volcanism Program.
Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 18 March Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. Bibcode : CoMP Journal of Petrology. Bibcode : JPet Geological Society of America Bulletin.
Bibcode : GSAB.. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America. Bibcode : GSAB Retrieved 6 November Archived from the original on 29 September Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 31 March Baseline climate means — from stations all over the world in German.
Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 24 January Journal of Archaeological Science. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 March Retrieved 16 March Archived PDF from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 26 July Retrieved 10 July Archived from the original on 29 May American Diplomacy.
Archived from the original on 28 November Archived from the original on 30 May Retrieved 6 March Social Science Computing Laboratory, Berkeley.
Archived from the original on 6 December Retrieved 21 December Easter Island Statue Project. Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 9 March Ferdon Jr.
Easter Island Statue Project eisp. Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 12 June Archived from the original on 8 June Bibcode : Natur.
Easter Island Traveling. Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 2 May Retrieved 12 May Archived from the original on 22 May National Geographic News.
Retrieved 24 February Archived from the original on 25 July Archived from the original on 17 July Retrieved 15 March The Guardian.
Retrieved 11 March See also "this FAQ". Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 6 September Archived from the original on 22 March Retrieved 28 May Atlas Obscura.
Archived from the original on 2 January British Museum. Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 12 October Archived from the original on 7 February Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 21 June Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 3 January Archived from the original PDF on 14 November Retrieved 14 March Chile Library of Congress.
Easter Island at Wikipedia's sister projects. Moai Pukao. Articles and topics related to Easter Island. Lau Islands. Culture of indigenous Oceania.
List of resources about traditional arts and culture of Oceania. Languages of Oceania. Cook Islands Niue. Literature of Oceania.
Religion in Oceania. Not included: Oceanian: cinema , indigenous currency, dress, folkore, cuisine. Also see Category:Oceanian culture.
Provinces of Chile. Isla de Pascua. Countries and territories of Oceania. The open bar was well stocked, and the rum punch was tasty and refreshing.
We enjoyed a day on the water on a catamaran with Captain Wilo and crew! What a wonderful crew. We never had to want for anything and they kept the liquid refreshments coming!
We have a great BBQ lunch while at an island for some swimming and snorkeling. We cannot say enough good things about this day trip and would do it again on our next visit!
This was our first family vacations together. We choose to do the Catamaran day trip to Culebra. It was the highlight of our 8 day vacation.
The crew of of Alex, Willie, the captain and Coral were awesome. I had been to Culebra before but the other 11 had not and no one was disappointed.
The food, crew and organization of the whole operation from booking to the Marina was professional and on schedule.
We highly recommend East Island Excursions. This excursion is affordable, fun and it was an amazing experience! Went to Icacos Island and snorkeling nearby.
The staff was awesome and it felt safe and fun at the same time. I definitely high recommend!! What an amazing ride! My son and I had an amazing time.
The ride was awesome as we sat outside the entire time, the buffet lunch was delicious, Flamenco beach was beautiful and the staff was friendly and funny.
We had a great time! We will definitely do this again next year. The trip was fantastic. The crew were professional, helpful and attentive.
Highly recommend. We thoroughly enjoyed the trip. We had a sunset cruise and the views were amazing. The staff was extremely attentive and friendly.
Very very helpful. Snorkeling was great! BBQ on the boat was amazing and there was an open bar! Icacos was beautiful and we had a great time on the beach and could quickly go to the boat for drinks and refreshments.
If you get motion sick please take something!! Overall was an amazing experience and would definitely do it again!!